Uzbekistan Samarqand Samarkand Islamic History

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In the fourteenth century AD, Timur, known in the west as Tamerlane, overpowered the Mongols and built an empire. In his military campaigns, Tamerlane reached as far as the Middle East. He defeated Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I, who was captured, and died in captivity. Tamerlane sought to build a capital for his empire in Samarkand. Today Tamerlane is considered to be one of the greatest heroes in Uzbekistan. He plays a significant role in its national id and history. Following the fall of the Timurid Empire, Uzbek nomads conquered the region.

In the nineteenth century, the Russian Empire began to expand, and spread into Central Asia. The "Great Game" period is generally regarded as running from approximately 1813 to the Anglo-Russian Convention of 1907. Following the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917 a second less intensive phase followed. At the start of the 19th century, there were some 2,000 miles (3,200 km) separating British India and the outlying regions of the Tsarist Russia. Much of the land in between was unmapped.

By the beginning of the twentieth century, Central Asia was firmly in the hands of Russia and despite some early resistance to Bolsheviks, Uzbekistan and the rest of Central Asia became a part of the Soviet Union. On August 31, 1991, Uzbekistan declared independence, marking September 1 as a national holiday.

Source: Wikipedia

26 Replies to “Uzbekistan Samarqand Samarkand Islamic History”

    • Haleem ul Hassan

      +alisher dzhumaev Arnt uzbeks also of mongolian origins? As fas as I know, Uzbeg khan, the ruler after whom this country is named was a mongol ruler who converted to Islam. Timur comes a few generations after him as well, and has mongol origins as well. Most of the post-mongol invasion central asian rulers trace their descent to the the mongols

  1. indigobuntingvampire

    Why are there no real documentaries on Tamerlane? I looked on IMDb and didn’t really find anything at all about him. And there’s not much on YT about him either. Even this slight report was barely scratching the surface of someone who is supposed to be very important to history.

  2. Shaukat Khan

    Great video! Tamerlane was very great in history books but he merely escaped his death upon returning via world famous Khyber Pass from India. The Afridi tribe had him ambushed along his booty from India. Reference book: The Pathans, 550 B.C.-A.D. 1957 – Sir Olaf Kirkpatrick Caroe ….


    Truly the Persian language and culture paid the most important contributes to develop the new Turkic Islamic culture. We can see it from the history Turkic Empires, not only the Timurid empire but also Mughals in India, saljuks in Persia, as far as karahanids in Central Asia shaped by Persian culture, the man who converted the first Turkic khan to islam was a Persian.

  4. triumphdeschillens

    i’m sure it’s because this is a documentary written from a western perspective for western people, who wouldn’t be able to identify “Alexander III of Macedon” or “Temujin”. it’s purely a matter of tradition. nonetheless this documentary is mostly bullshit anyway

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